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PSU

PUBLIC SECTOR UNDERTAKING

Public Sector Undertakings are large corporations with government being the majority stake holder. These companies require engineering graduates. Earlier all these PSUs used to have their own recruitment test comprising of a technical and aptitude objective type test followed by an interview. In 2010 Indian Oil - IOCL started using GATE score to shortlist candidates for interview and other followed. Many more companies which are currently using GATE as shortlisting criteria for its interviews.

GATE is the only entry channel for recruitment into the entry level posts. Salary range being offered varies from company to company and is upto ₹ 11 lakh per annum ( CTC ).


PSU companies are divided into three categories:

  • Maharatna
  • Navratna
  • Miniratna CPSEs

MAHARATNA

In 2009, the government established the Maharatna, which raises a company’s investment ceiling from ₹ 1,000 Crore to ₹ 5,000 Crore. The Maharatna firms can now decide on investments of up to 15 per cent of their net worth in a project; The Navaratna companies could invest up to ₹ 1,000 Crore without explicit government approval.

Criteria to be a Maharatna:

The six criteria for eligibility as Maharatna are:

  • Having Navratna
  • Listed on Indian stock exchange with minimum prescribed public shareholding under SEBI regulations.
  • An average annual turnover of more than ₹ 20,000 Crore during the last 3 years. Earlier it was ₹ 25,000 Crore.
  • An average annual net worth of more than ₹ 10,000 Crore during the last 3 years. Earlier it was ₹ 15,000 Crore.
  • An average annual net profit after tax of more than ₹ 2500 Crore during the last 3 years. Earlier it was ₹ 500 Crore.
  • Should have significant global presence/international operation.

NAVRATNA

Navratna was the title given originally to nine Public Sector Enterprises, identified by the Government of India in 1997 as having comparative advantages, which allowed them greater autonomy to compete in the global market. The number of PSEs having Navratna status has been raised to 16. The government is likely to accord the coveted status to Engineers India Limited, which is under consideration.


MINIRATNA

In addition, the government created another category called Miniratna. Miniratnas can also enter into joint ventures, set subsidiary companies and overseas offices but the certain conditions. In 2002, there were 61 government enterprises that awarded Miniratna. However, at present, there are 68 government enterprises that were awarded Miniratna.


Exam Pattern of Some of PSUs:

S. No. PSU Post Exam Pattern
1. BARC JRF, SRF, Research Associates
  • Application Screening/GATE Score
  • Personal Interview
2. BEL Probationary Engineer
  • Written Test-Objective
  • Personal Interview
3. BHEL Engineer Trainees
  • Written test-objective GATE Exam
  • Personal Interview
4. BPCL Management Trainee
  • Written Test
  • Personal Interview
5. Bridge & Roof Co. (I) Ltd. Trainee Engieers
  • Written Test-Objective
  • Personal Interview
6. BSNL JTO
  • Written Test-Objective
  • Set A: Engg. Stream (50 Questions)
  • Set B: Engg. Stream (50 Questions)
  • Section C: General Ability Test (20 Quet.)
7. DMRC Junior Engineers
  • Written Test (2 Papers)
  • Psycho Test / PI
8. DRDO Scientist-B-Entry
  • Written Test-Objective-3 hours
  • Set A: 100 question
  • Set B: 50 questions
  • Personal Interview
9. ECIL Graduate Engineer Trainee
  • Written Test
  • Personal Interview
10. GAIL Executive Trainee
  • Written Test
  • A. Subject Specialization : 100 questions
  • B. General Aptitude : 50 questions
  • Duration : 2 hrs
  • Personal Interview
11. HPCL Officer Trainees
  • Written Test
  • Interview
12. Indian Railways Section Engineer
  • Written / online test & Document verification
13. IOCL Engineers/Graduate Apprentice Engineers
  • Written Test – GATE Exam
  • Group Discussion
  • Personal Interview
14. ISRO Scientist / Engineer SC
  • Written Test – Objective
  • Personal Interview
15. MTNL JTO
  • Written
  • Aptitude Test
  • Skill Test
  • Personal Interview
16. NALCO Graduate Engineer Trainee
  • Written Test
  • Interview
17. NHPC Trainee Engineers
  • Written test
  • Set-A: Engg. Stream – 140 questions
  • Set-B: General Awareness – 30 questions
  • Set-C: Reasoning – 30 questions
  • Personal Interview
18. NTPC Executive Trainees
  • Written Test- GATE Exam
  • Set-A: 55 question (Technical)
  • Set-B: 35 question (Aptitude)
  • Negative Marking: ¼ Marks
  • Group Discussion
  • Personal Interview
19. ONGC Graduate Trainees
  • Written Test (Objective and Subjective)
  • Psychometric test and PI
20. PGCIL Executive Trainees
  • GATE Score Basis or
  • Written Test- Objective – 2 hrs
  • Set-A: Technical knowledge test 120 questions
  • Set-B: Executive Aptitude test 50 questions
  • Group Discussion
  • Personal Interview
21. PRASAR Bharti Engineering Assistants
  • Written Test
  • Set-A: Engg. Stream
  • Set-B: GK & CA
22. SAIL Management Trainee
  • Written Test-Objective
  • Group Discussion
  • Personal Interview
23. SJVNL Executive Trainees
  • Written Test-Objective
  • Group Discussion
  • Personal Interview
24. STEEL Management Trainee
  • Set-A: Engg. Stream
  • Set-B: Aptitude & English
  • Personal Interview
25. VIZAG Management Trainee
  • Written Test

Pattern of Question Papers and Marking Scheme

Pattern of Question Papers

In all the papers, there will be a total of 65 questions carrying 100 marks, out of which 10 questions carrying a total of 15 marks are in General Aptitude (GA).

In the papers bearing the codes AE, AG, BT, CE, CH, CS, EC, EE, IN, ME, MN, MT, PE, PI, TF and XE, the Engineering Mathematics will carry around 15% of the total marks, the General Aptitude section will carry 15% of the total marks and the remaining 70% percentage of the total marks is devoted to the subject of the paper.

In the papers bearing the codes AR, CY, EY, GG, MA, PH and XL, the General Aptitude section will carry 15% of the total marks and the remaining 85% of the total marks is devoted to the subject of the paper.

GATE 2016 would contain questions of two different types in various papers:

(i) Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ) carrying 1 or 2 marks each in all papers and sections. These questions are objective in nature, and each will have a choice of four answers, out of which the candidate has to mark the correct answer(s).

(ii) Numerical Answer Questions of 1 or 2 marks each in all papers and sections. For these questions the answer is a real number, to be entered by the candidate using the virtual keypad. No choices will be shown for this type of questions.


Design of Questions

The questions in a paper may be designed to test the following abilities:

(i) Recall : These are based on facts, principles, formulae or laws of the discipline of the paper. The candidate is expected to be able to obtain the answer either from his/her memory of the subject or at most from a one-line computation.

Example

Q. During machining maximum heat is produced
  1. in flank face
  2. in rake face
  3. in shear zone
  4. due to friction between chip and tool

(ii) Comprehension : These questions will test the candidate’s understanding of the basics of his/her field, by requiring him/her to draw simple conclusions from fundamental ideas.

Example

Q. A DC motor requires a starter in order to
  1. develop a starting torque
  2. compensate for auxiliary field ampere turns
  3. limit armature current at starting
  4. provide regenerative braking

(iii) Application : In these questions, the candidate is expected to apply his/her knowledge either through computation or by logical reasoning.

Example

Q. The sequent depth ratio of a hydraulic jump in a rectangular channel is 16.48. The Froude number at the beginning of the jump is:
  1. 5.0
  2. 8.0
  3. 10.0
  4. 12.0

Examples of each of this design is given in the types of questions above.

The questions based on the above logics may be a mix of single standalone statement/phrase/data type questions, combination of option codes type questions or match items type questions.

(iv) Analysis and Synthesis : In these questions, the candidate is presented with data, diagrams, images etc. that require analysis before a question can be answered. A Synthesis question might require the candidate to compare two or more pieces of information. Questions in this category could, for example, involve candidates in recognising unstated assumptions, or separating useful information from irrelevant information.


Marking Scheme

For 1-mark multiple-choice questions, 1/3 marks will be deducted for a wrong answer. Likewise, for 2-marks multiple-choice questions, 2/3 marks will be deducted for a wrong answer. There is no negative marking for numerical answer type questions.


General Aptitude (GA) Questions

In all papers, GA questions carry a total of 15 marks. The GA section includes 5 questions carrying 1 mark each (sub-total 5 marks) and 5 questions carrying 2marks each (sub-total 10 marks).


Question Papers other than GG, XE and XL

These papers would contain 25 questions carrying 1 mark each (sub-total 25 marks) and 30 questions carrying 2 marks each (sub-total 60 marks). The question paper will consist of questions of multiple choice and numerical answer type. For numerical answer questions, choices will not be given. Candidates have to enter the answer (which will be a real number, signed or unsigned, e.g. 25.06, -25.06, 25, -25 etc.) using a virtual keypad. An appropriate range will be considered while evaluating the numerical answer type questions so that the candidate is not penalized due to the usual round-off errors.


XE Paper (Engineering Sciences)

In XE paper, Engineering Mathematics section (Section A) is compulsory. This section contains 11 questions carrying a total of 15 marks: 7 questions carrying 1 mark each (sub-total 7 marks), and 4 questions carrying 2 marks each (sub-total 8 marks). Some questions may be of numerical answer type questions.

Each of the other sections of the XE paper (Sections B through G) contains 22 questions carrying a total of 35 marks: 9 questions carrying 1 mark each (sub-total9 marks) and 13 questions carrying 2 marks each (sub-total 26 marks). Some questions may be of numerical answer type.


Note on Negative Marking for Wrong Answers

For a wrong answer chosen for the multiple choice questions, there would be negative marking. For 1-mark multiple choice questions, 1/3 mark will be deducted for a wrong answer. Likewise, for 2-mark multiple choice questions, 2/3 mark will be deducted for a wrong answer. However, there is no negative marking for a wrong answer in numerical answer type questions.


Download PDF For PSUs Recruitment through GATE 2016

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